Download Mojave Installer Again

Even if your Mac. Once you downloaded the file, extract it and run Adobe_Photoshop_CC_2019_v20. Click Restart again when asked to confirm. On Windows, right-click on the win-install. Click the “Download” or “Get” button on the macOS Mojave page to download Mojave and install it on your Mac. Install Mac oS Mojave - Hello Guys, hope you are doing well. (Featured Section). Having trouble after installing Mojave? Do you want to downgrade from Mojave to High Sierra? If yes, then you have come to the right place! Read this to know how to roll back from Mojave!. If that is the case, you are good to go. When the download is complete, your Mac should restart automatically. Today you will learn the easiest way to install macOS Mojave on PC- Hackintosh. I tried restaring the macbook pro and downloading again, which resulted in the same issue. Install the macOS Mojave Public Beta. This tutorial was updated on 2019-06-05 to fetch the installer directly from Apple's servers instead of getting it from the app store. Serato DJ Pro Download Audio & Playback Issues macOS High Sierra 10. Install Windows form a DVD or Image file. Once again, we warn you not to install macOS Mojave on the Mac you use every day. This is complete offline installer and standalone setup for MacOS Mojave v10. Try the new. 14 on VMware, you will need to download and install it on your system. Even though the official version of Mojave is out, the loyal pre-release software testers would want to install macOS Mojave 10. I've noticed recently that a 22mb file downloads instead of the full Mojave installer which should be over 6GB and you can't create the USB bootable with the 22mb file. Change BIOS settings to the following. However, most of the user is trying MacOS Mojave because it is all in one and off the hook, in recent version of MacOS packages, MacOS Chain, which freshly supports the new features of this outstanding MacOS Dark screen mode. This guide will walk you through creating a bootable flash drive installer for macOS Mojave which is started by first formatting the a USB flash drive and transferring the Mojave Installer over and then creating the boot partition necessary to run the Mojave Installer on a hackintosh on a non-Mac PC. Sometimes, advanced users need to keep a backup bootable USB installer for diagnostic purposes or to install the operating system on other Macs, without downloading it again. Turn off your Mac via Apple menu->Shut Down. Follow step 6 again to reboot onto your Mojave installer drive. MacOS MOJAVE is supposed to be 5. Second method: download El Capitan and Clean Install on Startup Volume. The idea for NightOwl was born. 5 MB file that try to connect to APPLE recovery servers. I've noticed recently that a 22mb file downloads instead of the full Mojave installer which should be over 6GB and you can't create the USB bootable with the 22mb file. 6, then you can install a Metal capable GPU and install Mojave. Download MacOS Mojave dmg File and Install on VMware, Virtualbox, as you know MacOS Mojave is in high demand from legions of users. 1 by opening the Preferences app and clicking on the. Download the macOS Mojave installer and launch it. It says: "To download macOS Mojave or High Sierra for this purpose, download from a Mac that is using. Prepare with download New macOS file. 14 Mojave on VirtualBox; Install macOS High Sierra 10. MultiBeast for Mojave is an all-in-one post-installation tool designed to enable boot from hard drive, and install support for Audio, Network, and Graphics. HFS by Geekrar (One Full) — Download Now. Once Mojave 10. Only support UEFI compatible computers. To download the macOS Mojave installer, go to the Mac App Store > Updates tab and choose Mojave installer (Here is a direct link. An easy-to-use menu includes new screen-recording tools and options for setting a start timer, showing the cursor, and even choosing where you'd like to save your screenshots. I am aware of the "macOS Mojave Patcher Tool" but for my own reasons do not want to use this. Memory Space: Keep At least 10 Gigabytes of Free space. sh or osx-install. Restart your VM again. Mac OS Mojave Download Direct Installer For Mac Full Version in a single fast link. This guide will walk you through creating a bootable flash drive installer for macOS Mojave which is started by first formatting the a USB flash drive and transferring the Mojave Installer over and then creating the boot partition necessary to run the Mojave Installer on a hackintosh on a non-Mac PC. NOTE: keep it in your mind, while creating a bootable MacOS Mojave USB installer drive that will delete all the files and data contain by USB flash drive. VirtualBox is an open source virtualization software for Windows, Mac, Linux. Turn off the Mac you want to install macOS Mojave with the bootable installer drive. uk Check your search terms and try again you can download Mojave directly from the Mac App Store. 14 Mojave in the App Store in your Mac. But if you already have a copy of Windows 10 skip this step and proceed to the next window and select install windows then click continue button on the bottom right corner as shown on the picture below. Mojave presents two access control dialogs during the UAD installation process. Download MacOS Mojave dmg File and Install on VMware, Virtualbox, as you know MacOS Mojave is in high demand from legions of users. If beta testing is your thing or enjoys digging into the pre-release software, you would like to install macOS Mojave 10. app/Contents/_CodeSignature/CodeResourcesWorld-of-Warcraft-Setup. And discover new apps in the reimagined Mac App Store. A notification will inform you when Mojave is ready to be installed. This auction includes a 32 GB USB flash drive (formatted into FOUR partitions as described above) and an instruction sheet that clearly illustrates how to either: A) Use the installer to format (erase) a drive to install a new “clean version” of the operating system or B) Use the installer to upgrade your current operating system Full. Therefore, The first option is using build in Terminal and the second method is using the UniBeast Application to create bootable Mac OS Mojave USB installer. Most tips suggest going to the Purchased section on the Mac App Store and indeed this worked previously, but as of macOS Mojave old versions no longer show up here. Overview Of Mac OS Mojave. 4 from Kholia's GitHub project for installing into vanilla KVM. Download VMware Workstation 15 (Pro Trial) Download macOS 10. Then you can not use that file further. MacOS Mojave v10. Click on the Allow button and run the installer again. We shouldn't complain. Click Download to get the beta. This is an official macOS Mojave Installer from Apple, It can be used to Reinstall or Upgrade to Mojave on a Mac. After successfully installing once mac osx high sierra I asked myself is there an option to show an hfs installer in clover again maybe as an entry edit in plist. Select the Download button to start the download of the Mojave installer. Download hackintosh mojave installer This is a Hackintosh Mojave Installer, It can be used to Install macOS Mojave on a Normal Desktop or Laptop Computer. Therefore, you have to download macOS mojave installer one again from the mac app store. If that doesn’t clear it up for you, tackle your connection problems using this guide. 14 working on any XPS 13 9350 model This guide uses files from (@syscl) (albeit edited) and full credit to him for the Deploy. Download it from their website here by picking the correct operating system from the list. If you want to create a bootable drive that installs the latest version Mojave directly, you'll need to a download the latest version of the Mojave installer app from the Mac App Store, and then repeat the procedure above using the new installer app. The final version of macOS Mojave 10. If your Mac’s system volume is on a solid-state drive (SSD), the Mojave installer converts its file system to APFS; this is not optional. 4 HFS VMware Image by TechCrowder (6 of 6 Mediafire) - if you are facing slow internet connection. 8 stars in the Chrome Web Store There was a problem, please try again. Once Mojave 10. To download the macOS Mojave installer, go to the Mac App Store > Updates tab and choose Mojave installer (Here is a direct link. Or you can also Free Download macOS 10. The simplest way to install macOS Mojave, and the method that Apple recommends, is to go to the App Store, find Mojave in the Quick Links section on the right hand side of the front page, click it and then follow the instructions to download and install it. Download and Install VMware on your PC. Once again, the solution below is based on previous experience of programs not installing properly. 7 Lion Compatibility. A Mac OS DMG file allows you create bootable USB installer from Windows PC. Click the Download button on the App Store page and wait for the OS to download. How to install Mojave on unsupported Macs. If that doesn’t clear it up for you, tackle your connection problems using this guide. You can find this on other sites but the image may not work with Virtualbox. For Linux and macOS, run the lnx-install. Next, in "Installation Type" tab select the macOS Mojave app. 4 through Mojave are supported). How to download macOS 10. When the Mojave beta is downloaded, your Mac will restart automatically. Next, in "Installation Type" tab select the macOS Mojave app. Make a Bootable Installer Drive (Just in Case) Though it's not strictly necessary in every instance, it might be a good practice to create a bootable installer with a previous version of macOS. How to download macOS Mojave Installer even on unsupported Mac? Using this quick tutorial you can download macOS Mojave, macOS High Sierra and macOS Sierra on any older Macintosh. HP Printers - USB Printer Setup (Mac) installation app is available to download, or install the driver through Apple Software Update. Apple's newest operating system has finally arrived, and we'll show you how to download MacOS Mojave for free. We shouldn't complain. - "Boot macOS installer from Mojave" - "Boot macOS recovery from recovery" alongside the "optical" one. Then install Mojave. 4 DMG Delta, Combo and Offline Installer Files which you can free download without app store for manual installation on multiple Mac devices using bootable USB or DVD. 14 using windows. Finally, try logging out of the Store to see if that restarts the download. This is a detailed macOS Mojave 10. Once downloaded, the installer will go ahead and partition the hard disk of your Mac and proceed forward with the installation process. The same has. Download macOS Mojave VirtualBox Image — Latest Preview. It says: "To download macOS Mojave or High Sierra for this purpose, download from a Mac that is using. Learn how to free up space. How to create a macOS Mojave installer. macOS Mojave Patcher (formerly macOS High Sierra Patcher and macOS Sierra Patcher) is a small yet powerful tool that can help you create a bootable USB drive that can be used to install macOS Mojave on Mac computers older than late 2009, basically acting as a macOS Mojave patch for unsupported Macs. Whether you need to download and clean install High Sierra, Sierra, El Capitan, Yosemite, or an earlier version of OS X, this guide got you covered. By William Gallagher Wednesday, July 25, 2018, 11:18 am PT (02:18 pm ET) You'll need a very good reason and it'd be best if you didn't do it on your main. 5 to Mojave 10. If your Mac’s system volume is on a solid-state drive (SSD), the Mojave installer converts its file system to APFS; this is not optional. Make sure. 14 from the previous version macOS 10. 4 DMG Delta, Combo and Offline Installer Files which you can free download without app store for manual installation on multiple Mac devices using bootable USB or DVD. Install macOS Mojave Theme on Ubuntu. It should now boot into Clover. Log out of the App Store then log in again. The FreeDOS installer lets you reboot your computer. So you never have to worry about losing a file again! Buy Now. 1 update was a whopper, over 3 gigs! I really want to avoid repeating that updater download. By default, Kext Wizard is running in system version independent mode, but via the Extra menu you can select a specific operating system (10. If the macOS Mojave installer doesn't automatically open upon restart, launch it from your Applications folder using the Finder. Download macOS Mojave VirtualBox Image — Latest Preview. Install our standard version of CCleaner. Extract the downloaded. 9 handy unfortunately. If you are an Apple User then am sure you heard about MacOS Mojave which is recently launched by Apple. When the download is complete, your Mac should restart automatically. As soon as system restarts, start pressing the boot options key usually F12 and choose your external drive from the option and press 'Enter' Let it boot and install the macOS Mojave on your external hard drive or SSD (whichever you using). Just launch the new Screenshot utility or press Shift-Command-5. Here’s the easiest way to get it for both VMware and VirtualBox. Here you do not install the Yosemite in current start up volume. macOS Mojave is of new forward-looking technologies and enhanced features to your Mac. This is the terminal guide I always use to create a USB bootable installer, might be worth trying again just incase the terminal guide you have been using has a typo or. Live 9: The latest version of Live (download from your User Account). The Mac App Store is the default way to upgrade or install macOS, but it doesn’t work for everyone. APFS Conversion in Mojave With the release of Mojave 10. Click the install file to finish up. The system may restart few times to complete the installation. This tutorial was updated on 2019-06-05 to fetch the installer directly from Apple's servers instead of getting it from the app store. I've found a way to convert MacOS Mojave installer into ISO file and it works. Having trouble after installing Mojave? Do you want to downgrade from Mojave to High Sierra? If yes, then you have come to the right place! Read this to know how to roll back from Mojave!. If you want to install macOS Mojave on another hard drive or create a backup Mojave install drive, you will need to move the downloaded file to the drive first. Step 3:-It will ask you to type your Mac password again. 4GB Total (Google Drive) Download the Patch Tool Folder (Google Drive) Install either WinRAR or 7Zip, if you don't already have one of them; Once you have everything downloaded to your Windows computer, make sure you store it in a known directory. Download VMware Workstation 15 (Pro Trial) Download macOS 10. A notification will inform you when Mojave is ready to be installed. Click Download to get the beta. asking if you're sure you want to download MacOS Mojave 10. I tried restaring the macbook pro and downloading again, which resulted in the same issue. Next, launch the macOS Mojave Patcher tool and browse for macOS Mojave Installer application. Click Restart again when asked to confirm. so if there is no cuda support in Mojave much less we are going to have cuda support in catalina when is only PB1 also even if we had CUDA support in Mojave and we were able to install CUDA in Catalina someway, somehow that CUDA installer might not work in Catalina either because many things are broken in early betas. (Always use the latest version from this link. If that doesn’t clear it up for you, tackle your connection problems using this guide. Windows 10 Disc Image (ISO File): Download Link. macOS Mojave 10. At first I started to develop a simple menu bar app that allowed me to switch between the two modes. in case if you have installed already then you can skip this step. Therefore, you have to download macOS mojave installer one again from the mac app store. The installation will start normally. Having trouble after installing Mojave? Do you want to downgrade from Mojave to High Sierra? If yes, then you have come to the right place! Read this to know how to roll back from Mojave!. 14 Mojave and want to try it, then you are in the right place because here you will find any kinds of files that you will need to. In this blog post I am going to show you Step By Step Process to install Hackintosh macOS Mojave on your Computer. in case if you have installed already then you can skip this step. If you must install it on your daily driver, install it on a separate partition on your Mac. Because, when the installer will update a mac operating system. Related: Download macOS Mojave VMware & VirtualBox Latest Image; How to Download macOS Mojave VMware & VirtualBox Image. Safer-Networking Ltd. From MacOS Mojave 10. Moreover, To download the macOS Mojave installer follow the steps below. That said, you are wiping everything off your machine: Make sure all your photos, music, apps and so on are backed up somewhere else, because you're going to be starting again from scratch. Serato DJ Pro Download Audio & Playback Issues macOS High Sierra 10. Download it from their website here by picking the correct operating system from the list. It should now boot into Clover. 14 Beta 1 on Mac? Follow the steps below to install macOS Mojave 10. I really need a fully-loaded offline installer. 14 Mojave makes it much easier to capture screenshots and record screen with its new screenshot toolbar. 9 handy unfortunately. DMG Offline Installer via Direct Link/Torrent Link available below for clean manual installation without app store. Download and Install macOS High Sierra without MAS. therefore, download it from the above link and install it on your system. How to download the Mojave installer. Open a terminal and use hdiutil create command to create a blank temporary disk image. Change BIOS settings to the following. This time, instead of installing Mojave again we need to install the necessary patches for Mojave to run properly. What could be wrong? Mojave won't download for a variety of reasons. I was having the same problem and discovered the very simple problem: after the app store downloaded the Mojave installer, it launched the app asking "do you want to install?" Even when you **close** the app the install disc image remains loaded in the background ("background" as in you don't see it in the sidebar or on your desktop. this document again. (macOS Mojave dropped support for old hardware, it is still possible to install Mojave on PC with third-party tools but it is not worth the effort). There is no public download link because it's not a freely available product and is only available with ConfigMgr as mentioned. To download the macOS Mojave installer, go to the Mac App Store > Updates tab and choose Mojave installer (Here is a direct link. That said, I rarely found myself interacting directly with the app. sh and DSDT patches. In this article, we will install macOS Mojave 10. It could be that too many people are trying to download it at the same time. After that, run Install to start installing. Download macOS Mojave installer with download link. Since the small tool brought me a lot of added value, I thought that other users could also benefit from my app. Upon completion, the system will automatically restart. This enables you to download and install the Windows 10. 14 USB install drive Step 1: Download macOS Mojave. On Windows, right-click on the win-install. If you want to install macOS Mojave on another hard drive or create a backup Mojave install drive, you will need to move the downloaded file to the drive first. That said, I rarely found myself interacting directly with the app. Only, that installer is big -- circa 6GB -- so downloading it can take a time. We shouldn't complain. Lastly, the download will fail in case there. Let's learn how to Install MacOS Mojave 10. Turn off your Mac via Apple menu->Shut Down. After the Mac restarts, macOS Mojave installer will launch automatically. When you have download MacOs Mojave 10. Thanks again for your answer. sh or osx-install. or how does this work… Sadly a friend of me has deleted high sierra on his HD(formatted) on his pc and wants to clean install it again but no installer appears in clover…. It has got support for Apple File System plus it is also possible to install macOS Mojave without converting to APFS. Here's the guide and tips for MacOS Mojave Won't download and install on Mac, MacBook Pro/Air. In this article, we will install macOS Mojave 10. All you need to do is follow the on-screen instructions to complete the installation. To fix this issue, plug into your router or get close to the routine. macOS-Mojave-XPS13-9350 Hello, this is a simple guide to get OS X 10. 13 High Sierra. Select the Download button to start the download of the Mojave installer. sh or osx-install. Maybe you’ve got multiple Macs and a limited amount of bandwidth, and don’t want to download the entire operating system for every system. macOS Mojave. Here's the guide and tips for MacOS Mojave Won't download and install on Mac, MacBook Pro/Air. This guide is also really useful. Part 3: Create a Bootable Mojave USB Drive. Download MacOS Mojave 10. Opus 12: To update to the latest version, simply download and install over the top of your current install. If it is too aggressive, it can screw up program install files. 14 on a Windows PC. But with Niresh Mojave you can easily install Mojave on partially unsupported hardware too. 14 Mojave Operating System For Mac. Download macOS Mojave or High Sierra DMG and make Installer disc on Windows PC. How to download the Mojave installer. How to create a Bootable ISO image of macOS 10. If beta testing is your thing or enjoys digging into the pre-release software, you would like to install macOS Mojave 10. Download the MacOs Mojave Image For VMware From our Google drive direct download links fast and easy. Right now it only has Windows 10 since I upgraded it to a 500GB SSD (Crucial MX500) and haven't had time to reinstall Mojave (I could've cloned it from my old hard drive, but it was a 250GB HDD and I didn't feel like resizing the partitions). Don't show this again. In this article, I'm going to show you how to install macOS Mojave on VMware on Windows PC. It says: "To download macOS Mojave or High Sierra for this purpose, download from a Mac that is using. With Google Earth for Chrome, fly anywhere in seconds and explore hundreds of 3D cities right in your browser. It comes with a bunch of new features and of course, a bunch of new macOS Mojave wallpapers. Download and install the latest UAD To show the button again if 30 minutes. Mount EFI partition on the installer disk and replace the original CLOVER folder with the one shipped with this repo (XPS9350-macOS\CLOVER). A composer is a tool cross-platform for dependency management in PHP. 14 Mojave Final – 7. Depending on the speed of your internet connection, this can take anywhere between 5-10 minutes. Select the Download button to start the download of the Mojave installer. An easy-to-use menu includes new screen-recording tools and options for setting a start timer, showing the cursor, and even choosing where you'd like to save your screenshots. Click Continue at the bottom of the installer. Power off all virtual machines running and exit VMware. 0 HFS by Geekrar (One Full) — Download Now. A composer is a tool cross-platform for dependency management in PHP. 14 officially launches, you'll be able to download it straight from the Mac App Store. Click to Read more. Simply download the Mojave software again but point it to the same location where you were already downloading and saving the installer app. macOS-Mojave-XPS13-9350 Hello, this is a simple guide to get OS X 10. Hi folks, I am using Adobe Captivate 2017 and a Moodle-Based LMS. Did you go to download macOS Mojave but found an incomplete installer application arrived in your /Applications folder? Some Mac users have discovered that when trying to download macOS Mojave from the Mac App Store, they end up with a very small 22 MB mini-installer that is not the full size 6 GB. Don't show this again. 14) is the fifteenth major release of macOS, Apple Inc's desktop operating system for Macintosh computers. If you’re on a mac, you’ll need Dosbox for Mac which can be found on this page. How to create a Bootable ISO image of macOS 10. How to create MacOS Mojave Installer USB. or how does this work… Sadly a friend of me has deleted high sierra on his HD(formatted) on his pc and wants to clean install it again but no installer appears in clover…. Apple has just rolled out macOS Mojave 10. It says: "To download macOS Mojave or High Sierra for this purpose, download from a Mac that is using. Next, in "Installation Type" tab select the macOS Mojave app. Mojave will only install if you have upgraded your BootROM and your Mac Pro have a Metal capable GPU. Apple's latest OS update, macOS Mojave, was initially announced back in June during WWDC. Only support UEFI compatible computers. This time, instead of installing Mojave again we need to install the necessary patches for Mojave to run properly. Home » Install iPhone, iPod Touch and iPad drivers without installing iTunes (726 votes, average: 3. I am beyond fed up, and I have school work to do with the Office systems this weekend. Help! I don’t see the developer beta in my Updates list. 14 Mojave Download DMG Installer via Direct Links:. Download macOS Mojave 10. Because, when the installer will update a mac operating system. Poor internet connectivity is another possible cause. From MacOS Mojave 10. The simplest way to install macOS Mojave, and the method that Apple recommends, is to go to the App Store, find Mojave in the Quick Links section on the right hand side of the front page, click it and then follow the instructions to download and install it. Experience the best way to Work on Mac Os through VMware workstation player. For Upgrading MacOS Mojave you need 16 GB USB Drive then you need to Download MacOS Mojave Image file for VMware & VirtualBox then you can see the article, How to create bootable USB for Mac OS Mojave on windows 10 using Unibeast again follow the steps I will create for you the installer USB too. To know more see: Learn how to download your Adobe Creative Cloud apps. As VirtualBox is a free but very useful virtual machine app, so you may want to download and install Mojave on VirtualBox. Thank a lot again. Download: macOS Mojave Final Released for Everyone – Get it Today [Mac App Store Link] How to Clean Install macOS Mojave Without a USB Installer Drive [Tutorial] Again, some people might. 14 Mojave in the App Store in your Mac. 13 & macOS Mojave 10. Hello, friends today I have decided to provide you Latest MacOS Mojave Free Download 10. To start, we'll need to create an ISO file of macOS Mojave's installer, so we can load it in VirtualBox on our Windows machine. Step 3 Install macOS Mojave Public Beta. Change BIOS settings to the following. The icon will look like a box in most cases. And due to lack of real mac most of hackintosh lovers are stuck there and I have a solution for it. Therefore, it’s a good idea to clean up the mess on your Mac. Try the new. Clover configuration. Clover UEFI is used as default macOS bootloader. Click macOS Post Install in either the side menu or from the dropdown menu in utilities. Only, that installer is big —circa 6GB —so downloading it can take a time. Open a terminal and use hdiutil create command to create a blank temporary disk image. If you want to create a bootable drive that installs the latest version Mojave directly, you'll need to a download the latest version of the Mojave installer app from the Mac App Store, and then repeat the procedure above using the new installer app. If you must install it on your daily driver, install it on a separate partition on your Mac. Great work! Would you make a light version, as well?. Download macOS Mojave installer using macOS Mojave Patcher. If your C: drive isn't formatted for DOS, the installer detects that. Max for Live: The latest version of Max for Live (download from your User Account). 13 on VMware in Windows. 4 through Mojave are supported). Nice! I have a Dell Latitude E6440, which had High Sierra and then I upgraded to Mojave through the App Store. direct link for tftpd64 installer Download opensource free tftp tftpd server and service for XP, Vista and Windows 2003 free tftp server for XP. Download macOS Mojave 10. As you know to install MacOS Mojave 10. Select your preferred language. Download MacOS Mojave dmg File and Install on VMware, Virtualbox, as you know MacOS Mojave is in high demand from legions of users. 14 Mojave Operating System For Mac. Download Mojave installer and write it to the installer disk (Google how to). Install macOS Mojave Theme on Ubuntu. You can get it from the Mac. Update: Bluestacks has been updated to fix its compatibility issues with macOS Mojave. How to Install MacOS Mojave using VMware? To install macOS Mojave 10. To install macOS Mojave on your Mac, you just download it and let Apple's installer do its job. If the macOS Mojave installer doesn't automatically open upon restart, launch it from your Applications folder using the Finder. Install the macOS Mojave Public Beta. Here's a complete step by step guide on how to clean install macOS Mojave final on your Mac using a bootable USB installer drive. Before we start to creating USB installer you need to download macOS Mojave image file, a programme called win32 Diskimager and also you need to USB Drive almost 16GB. This time, instead of installing Mojave again we need to install the necessary patches for Mojave to run properly. Help! I don’t see the developer beta in my Updates list. I go back to the Mojave main page in the app store, and similarly the icon on the upper-left side only shows "download" and no install options. In our previous article, we upgraded macOS High Sierra 10. 14 free latest offline DMG image setup. Extract the downloaded. How to Download and Install macOS Mojave 10. If it's a possibility that you downloaded it while logged in to a different Apple ID (perhaps a work-related.